By Richard Hunter

Lower than Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who governed Egypt in the course of the 3rd century B.C.E., Alexandria grew to become the bright multicultural capital of the Greek global. Theocritus's poem in compliment of Philadelphus—at as soon as a Greek king and an Egyptian pharaoh—is the single prolonged poetic tribute to this awesome ruler that survives. Combining the Greek textual content, an English translation, an entire line-by-line observation, and wide introductory experiences of the poem's old and literary context, this quantity additionally deals a wide-ranging and far-reaching attention of the workings and illustration of poetic patronage within the Ptolemaic age. specifically, the ebook explores the delicate and complicated hyperlinks between Theocritus's poem, modes of compliment drawn from either Greek and Egyptian traditions, and the next flowering of Latin poetry within the Augustan age.

As the 1st targeted account of this significant poem to teach how Theocritus may need drawn at the pharaonic traditions of Egypt in addition to prior Greek poetry, this booklet gives distinctive perception into how compliment poetry for Ptolemy and his spouse could have helped to barter the difference of Greek tradition that modified stipulations of the recent Hellenistic global. priceless for its transparent translation and its statement on style, dialect, diction, and historic reference on the subject of Theocritus's Encomium, the ebook can be major for what it finds concerning the poem's cultural and social contexts and approximately Theocritus' units for addressing his numerous readerships.

COVER picture: the picture at the entrance hide of this publication is incorrectly pointed out at the jacket flap. the right kind caption is: Gold Oktadrachm depicting Ptolemy II and Arsinoe (mid-third century BCE; through permission of the Museum of good Arts, Boston).

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Sixty seven kuanavmpuka: applicable to an island surrounded via the ocean (cf. Hymn. Hom. Ap. 26–27, . . . kranah'i ejni; nhvswi | Dhvlwi ejn ajmfiruvthi; eJkavterqe de; ku'ma kelaino;n ktl. ; Callim. H. four. 13–14 [the sea round Delos], oJ d j ajmfiv eJ poulu;" eJlivsswn | jIkarivou pollh;n ajpomavssetai u{dato" a[cnhn). earlier than T. , this compound happens as an epithet of Thebe in Pindar’s Hymn to Zeus (fr. 29. three M ), and within the comparable poem Delos is defined as thlevfanton kuaneva" cqono;" a[stron (fr. 33c. 6); Pindar’s hymn was once an enormous version for Callimachus in either H. 1 and H. four. 68–70 Cos prays that the recent king will want not only herself, but in addition “the Triopian hill,” that's, the headland (Cape Crio) mendacity to the southeast of Cos, website of Knidos and a temple of “Triopian Apollo. ” The verses evidently express that Philadelphus was once drawn to the realm (a truth on which S elaborates), and we all know that Knidos loved sturdy family members with him, yet we will simply wager on the specified background that lies in the back of this passage (cf. Bagnall 1976, 98). observation on traces 68–69 / 149 The temple was once the guts of the Dorian pentapolis of Lindos, Ialysos, Kamiros, Cos, and Knidos ( Hdt. 1. 144), which in classical occasions celebrated a “Dorian pageant” there; the significance of either the pentapolis and the competition turns out to have declined via the 3rd century (cf. RE 7A. 174–75; Tarn 1910, 214; Sherwin-White 1978, 30), yet Ptolemaic curiosity could go well with the parallelism with Apollo’s patronage of the Ionians on Delos (cf. lower than on Dwrievessi). (For a particularly diªerent method of the textual content and its interpretation cf. White 1981; 1982. ) ejn de; mia'i timh'i: The similarity to Achilles’ well-known grievance at Il. nine. 319, ejn de; ijhi' timh'i hjme;n kako;" hjde; kai; ejsqlov", has no visible significance, even though i\son . . . gevra" in v. sixty nine turns out additionally to rouse the quarrel of Achilles and Agamemnon (cf. Il. 1. 163). Trivopo": The transmitted Trivopon is complicated, because the adjective is in other places continuously Triovpio", and “of Triops,” the eponymous hero of the realm, turns out most well known. Triops (or Triopas) used to be in legend the Thessalian ancestor of the earliest settlers at Knidos and can be discovered linked to Cos (cf. Callim. H. 6. 24–25; Wilamowitz 1924, 2: 35–40; Hopkinson 1984, 30). katqei'o: “Set down in equivalent time” could have a specific subtext: either Cos and Knidos have been freed from Ptolemaic taxation (a actual gevra") (cf. Sherwin-White 1978, 93), in order that we're tempted to appreciate “set down on the similar overview. ” Dwrievessi: specifically, Knidos and the Triopian temple. The prominence given to “Dorian cohesion” is the counterpart to the prolonged description in Hymn. Hom. Ap. of the Ionian pageant on Delos during which Apollo delights (vv. 147, 152) and inspires Ptolemy himself as a “Dorian” (cf. above, pp. 62–63). hence in an trade of texts among Kytenion and Xanthos on the very finish of the 3rd century (SEG xxxviii 1476) the Dorian ancestry of Ptolemy IV is 150 / observation on traces 70–72 used as a strong argument for a selected plan of action.

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