By Donald Kagan
This ebook, the second one quantity in Donald Kagan's tetralogy concerning the Peloponnesian struggle, is a provocative and tightly argued heritage of the 1st ten years of the battle. Taking a chronological strategy that enables him to give at each one degree the alternatives that have been open to either side within the clash, Kagan specializes in political, financial, diplomatic, and army advancements. He evaluates the thoughts utilized by each side and reconsiders the jobs performed by means of numerous key participants.
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Extra info for The Archidamian War (A New History of the Peloponnesian War)
Those that looked Pericles as insufficiently competitive have attacked them as indicative of Pericles' timidity, of his unwillingness to hunt victory by way of a decisive blow. ~l Others compliment them as proof of his knowledge and prescience. Busolt is going as far as to indicate that Pericles even foresaw the intervention of Persia at this early date. ~2 Such an assumption turns out over the top, for there has been no probability that the ~8 Busolt (GG 111:2, 930) argues that worry of the Athenian and Thessalian cavalry explains his motion. there's linle cause to think it. at the one party whilst the cavalry met an important Peloponnesian strength they have been routed through a mixture of Boeotian cavalry and a hoplite phalanx. See 2. 22. 2. forty nine Busolt (ibid. , 931) estimates the time as 25-30 days. Gomme (HeT 11,79) guesses 30-35. Diodorus (12. forty two. 7-8) attributes the withdrawal of the Peloponnesian military to the fleet which Pericles despatched to the Peloponnese at the moment. he's without doubt unsuitable simply because he contradicts not just Thucydides yet good judgment. If all Pericles had to do to get the Peloponnesians out of Attica was once to ship out a fleet, there could by no means were an invasion. ~o 2. 24. H Pflugk-Hanung, Perikles als Feldheer (Stuttgart, 1884),98. G2 GG III: 2, 932. fifty eight THE ARCHlDAMIAN struggle Persians may interfere whereas the Athenian fleet was once intact and no probability that the fleet will be misplaced less than the tactic of Pericles. regardless of the judgment of his goal, we needs to ask why the Athenians waited until eventually the Peloponnesian withdrawal to enact those measures. the reply has to be sought within the intervening occasions. One danger is that Pericles may need feared that the Peloponnesians might hire their military on the outbreak of battle, probably to assault Euboea or maybe Athens. if that is so the securing of Thronium, Atalante, and Aegina, including the Peloponnesian failure to behave, could have relieved that worry and enabled Pericles to take the prudent path he loved. There may well, in spite of the fact that, were one more reason. The habit of the enemy had denied any wish of a rapid finish to the warfare; the warfare will be prolonged, and the Athenians needs to conscientiously husband their assets. Pericles' feel of prudence could have been sharpened via the assaults on his coverage made by way of Cleon and others. He knew that as time handed the call for might raise for competitive expeditions, with huge and dear fleets and contingents of infantrymen, expeditions which might be dicy. He could have proposed his measures in direct reaction to those assaults. whereas he nonetheless used to be in complete keep an eye on of the location he may well warrantly no less than a component to his shielding method opposed to a time whilst his political strength could be weaker. whereas ~he Peloponnesians have been nonetheless in Attica the Athenians despatched out a fleet of a hundred ships with 1,000 hoplites and four hundred archers on board less than the command of Carcinus, Proteas, and Socrates. G3 It was once supplemented by means of 50 ships from Corcyra and a few from the opposite western allies. This enormous strength may possibly simply defeat or force from the seas any enemy fleet it will probably come across, make landings and ravage enemy territory, even catch and sack small enemy towns.