Death to Tyrants! is the 1st complete examine of old Greek tyrant-killing legislation--laws that explicitly gave members incentives to "kill a tyrant." David Teegarden demonstrates that the traditional Greeks promulgated those legislation to harness the dynamics of mass uprisings and protect renowned democratic rule within the face of anti-democratic threats. He offers targeted historic and sociopolitical analyses of every legislations and considers numerous concerns: what's the nature of an anti-democratic danger? How might numerous provisions of the legislation aid pro-democrats counter these threats? And did the legislation work?

Teegarden argues that tyrant-killing laws facilitated pro-democracy mobilization either through encouraging courageous members to strike the 1st blow opposed to a nondemocratic regime and by means of convincing others that it used to be secure to stick with the tyrant killer's lead. Such laws therefore deterred anti-democrats from staging a coup by means of making sure that they might be crushed by way of their numerically better rivals. Drawing on sleek social technological know-how types, Teegarden appears to be like at how the establishment of public legislation impacts the habit of people and teams, thereby exploring the root of democracy's patience within the old Greek global. He additionally presents the 1st English translation of the tyrant-killing legislation from Eretria and Ilion.

By interpreting the most important historic Greek tyrant-killing laws, Death to Tyrants! explains how yes legislation enabled electorate to attract on collective energy as a way to shield and guard their democracy within the face of encouraged opposition.

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Meleagros, the Seleukid governor of the Hellespont satrapy, wrote to the dēmos of Ilion that Aristodikides of Assos (a “friend” of the king) had selected to connect his newly bought land to the territory of Ilion. on the finish of the letter, Meleagros wrote, “You, in spite of the fact that, may do good to vote all of the ordinary privileges to him and to keep a copy of the phrases of his supply and inscribe it on a stele and position it within the sanctuary so that you could hold securely forever what has been granted” (trans. Burstein). For a close exam of using inscribed records within the mediation among Hellenistic poleis and the superpower kings, see Ma (2000). 29 this article, recorded at the opposite of gamma, instantly follows textual content five. hence it starts off with line four. be aware that i've got maintained the Greek note damos rather than RO’s “the humans. ” 30 Such texts have been most likely inscribed at the elements of the 2 stones which are not legible. Heisserer (1980: sixty four) additionally means that Alexander’s order (in 334) that the tyrants be exiled and rendered topic to arrest (agogimoi) used to be inscribed on stone beta. 31 observe that the verb ἐντυγχάνω (found within the current annoying in Antigonos’s letter, traces 2–3) can suggest, as well as “encounter” (as present in RO’s translation), “appeal to” (+ dative), as present in RC 2. Importantly, Alexander’s identify is within the dative case: Ἀ̣λεξάν[δρωι] (line 2). hence the feel will be “appeal to Alexander. ” additionally, there seems to be common contract that the topic of εν]|τυγ[χ]αν[ is the Eresians: Paton, in IG XII, 2, 526 (followed via Heisserer and RO) restored the second one individual plural finite verb: ἐν]|τυγ[χ]άν[ετε; Tod 191 and OGIS eight restored the plural participle within the nominative case: ἐν]|τυγ[χ]άν[οντες; Welles (RC 2) restores a participle yet is noncommittal on its case and quantity: ἐν]|τυγ[χ]αν[οντ–16–. it truly is hence attainable that the overall feel is “your entice Alexander’s precedent is persuasive. ” For a quick dialogue of the 1st 3 traces of the opposite of stone gamma, see Heisserer (1980: 55–56). 32 regrettably, there are only a few extant inscriptions from Eresos, and the few that do exist are usually not accurately (or even approximately) dated. despite the fact that, the inscriptions do recommend that the dēmos was once answerable for the polis after three hundred. the subsequent texts most probably date to the Hellenistic interval and provides a sign that the dēmos managed Eresos: IG XII, 2: 527, 528, 529, 530; complement to IG XII: a hundred and twenty (before one hundred ninety BCE), 121 (3rd/2nd c. BCE), 122 (209–204 BCE). No extant textual content from this era exhibits that the dēmos used to be now not in command of the polis. 33 Bosworth’s reviews (1980: 317). it'd be appropriate to notice that Seleukos I and Antiochos I again a statue of Apollo to Miletos that was once taken by way of Darius I (Paus. 1. sixteen. three, eight. forty six. 3). 34 It has to be under pressure that the Alexander used to be no longer doctrinaire in his liberation/democratization coverage. Parmenion, for instance, enslaved the small Aeolic city of Gryneion (Diod. Sic. 17. 7. 9). yet that happened ahead of Alexander commanded the forces in Asia Minor (see Badian [1966: 39–40]).

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