Download E-books The Abacus and the Cross: The Story of the Pope Who Brought the Light of Science to the Dark Ages PDF

By Nancy Marie Brown

The medieval Catholic Church, extensively thought of a resource of intolerance and inquisitorial fervor, was once no longer anti-science in the course of the darkish Ages—in truth, the pope within the 12 months one thousand was once the major mathematician and astronomer of his day. referred to as “The Scientist Pope,” Gerbert of Aurillac rose from peasant beginnings to guide the church. through turns a instructor, traitor, kingmaker, and visionary, Gerbert is the 1st Christian recognized to educate math utilizing the 9 Arabic numerals and zero.

In The Abacus and the Cross, Nancy Marie Brown skillfully explores the recent studying Gerbert delivered to Europe. a desirable narrative of 1 impressive math instructor, The Abacus and the Cross will captivate readers of background, technology, and faith alike.

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Download E-books Saint Michael the Archangel in Medieval English Legend PDF

By Richard F. Johnson

The cult and legends of St Michael the archangel have been common in medieval England, and this publication - the 1st full-length learn of the topic - deals a finished exam in their genesis and diffusion. half I identifies and analyses the troubles, conflicts, and roles with which St Michael is linked, from scriptural and apocryphal literature via to the homiletic literature of the medieval interval. half II starts with a dialogue of the vernacular recensions of the preferred account of the archangel's earthly interventions, and is going directly to survey the mythical debts in previous English, Anglo-Norman, and heart English of the archangel and his roles as father or mother, intercessor, psychopomp, and warrior-angel follows. The Appendices comprise the 1st English translation of the archangel's hagiographic foundation-myth; an annotated bibliographical record and motif index of textual fabrics with regards to the archangel; and an essay at the iconographic representations of the archangel in medieval England. RICHARD F. JOHNSON is Assistant Professor of English at William Rainey Harper university.

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Download E-books The Other Europe in the Middle Ages: Avars, Bulgars, Khazars and Cumans (East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450-1450) PDF

By Florin Curta, Roman Kovalev

Might be it's the get a divorce of the Soviet Union and the rebirth of long-forgotten states, yet western historians have simply discovered that japanese Europe additionally has a historical past. Curta (history and archaeology, collage of Florida) has edited articles at the early medieval background of southeastern Europe, mostly what's now Bulgaria. a few care for archaeological unearths within the sector, cash and guns, that say very much approximately either tradition and exchange. Others speak about the social and spiritual milieu, together with the Khazars, a tribal state that switched over to Judaism within the 9th century. relatives with Byzantium and the Islamic states also are mentioned. it is a reliable paintings of scholarship that's a lot wanted. Annotation ©2008 booklet information, Inc., Portland, OR ( (Book information)

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Download E-books Exploration in the World of the Middle Ages, 500-1500 (Discovery & Exploration) PDF

The center a while, notwithstanding marked by way of plague in Europe, used to be a time of elevated research of the area. humans from civilizations all over the world - from the chinese language in Asia to a curious Venetian named Marco Polo - sought to appreciate the area at huge and realize its secrets and techniques. "Exploration on the earth of the center a long time, 500-1500, Revised variation" is an account of travels, expeditions, discoveries, and cross-cultural contacts within the span of 1,000 years during the international. this period encompassed classes of refined civilization, studying, and striking success in lots of cultures all over the world. assurance of this identify comprises: the position performed through 3 significant religions - Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam - and those religions' pilgrims and missionaries who traveled all through Asia, Europe, and the center East; the Vikings' complex shipbuilding expertise and the way they despatched exploratory, mercantile, and colonizing expeditions around the North Atlantic; Marco Polo's vast travels and the wealth of geographical wisdom he amassed round China, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Japan, and the lands of the Indian Ocean; and, Portuguese expeditions to Africa and Asia supported via Prince Henry the Navigator Zheng he is huge 7th voyage among 1431 and 1433 that integrated a hundred ships and nearly 27,500 officials and workforce.

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Download E-books A New History of Western Philosophy: Volume 2: Medieval Philosophy PDF

By Anthony Kenny

Sir Anthony Kenny the following maintains his interesting account of the historical past of philosophy, targeting the thousand-year-long medieval interval. this can be the second one quantity of a four-book set during which Kenny will spread a magisterial new heritage of Western philosophy, the 1st significant single-author heritage of philosophy to seem in decades.

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Download E-books Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia (Routledge Encyclopedias of the Middle Ages) PDF

By Josef W. Meri

Medieval Islamic Civilization examines the socio-cultural historical past of the areas the place Islam took carry among the 7th and 16th century. this significant two-volume paintings includes over seven-hundred alphabetically prepared entries, contributed and signed through overseas students and specialists in fields akin to Arabic languages, Arabic literature, structure, artwork heritage, heritage, background of technological know-how, Islamic arts, Islamic experiences, center jap reviews, close to japanese stories, politics, faith, Semitic stories, theology, and extra. This reference offers an exhaustive and bright portrait of Islamic civilization together with the various clinical, creative, and spiritual advancements in addition to all facets of everyday life and tradition.

For an entire checklist of entries, participants, and extra, stopover at

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Download E-books Documentary Culture and the Laity in the Early Middle Ages PDF

Many extra files live to tell the tale from the early center a long time than from the Roman Empire. even supposing ecclesiastical files may perhaps account for the dramatic elevate within the variety of surviving files, this new research unearths the dimensions and unfold of documentary tradition past the Church. The participants discover the character of the surviving documentation with no preconceptions to teach that we can't infer altering documentary practices from styles of survival. all through overdue Antiquity and the early heart a long time - from North Africa, Egypt, Italy, Francia and Spain to Anglo-Saxon England - humans in any respect social degrees, even if laity or clergy, landowners or tenants, farmers or royal functionaries, wanted, used and stored files. the tale of documentary tradition within the early medieval global emerges now not as considered one of its seize through the Church, yet quite of a reaction followed through those that wanted records, as they reacted to a altering criminal, social and institutional panorama.

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Download E-books Sea of Faith: Islam and Christianity in the Medieval Mediterranean World PDF

By Stephen O'Shea

The lengthy, shared background of Christianity and Islam started, presently after Islam emerged within the early 7th century A.D., with a question: Who may inherit the Greco-Roman international of the Mediterranean? Sprung from an identical source―Abraham and the Revelation given to the Jews―the faiths performed out over the process the subsequent millennium what historian Stephen O'Shea calls "a sibling competition writ very large." Their cataclysmic clashes at the battlefield have been balanced via lengthy classes of co-existence and mutual enrichment, and by means of the tip of the 16th century the spiritual obstacles of the trendy international have been drawn.

In Sea of Faith, O'Shea chronicles either the assembly of minds and the collisions of armies that marked the interplay of go and Crescent within the heart Ages―the greater to appreciate their it appears intractable clash at the present time. For the entire nice and eternal moments of cultural interchange and tolerance―in Cordoba, Palermo, Constantinople―the final "geography of trust " used to be selected the battlefield. O'Shea vividly recounts seven pivotal battles among the forces of Christianity and Islam that formed the Mediterranean world―from the lack of the Christian heart East to the Muslims at Yarmuk (Turkey) in 636 to the stemming of the doubtless unstoppable Ottoman tide at Malta in 1565. In among, the battles raged around the Mediterranean, from Poitiers in France and Hattin within the Holy Land in the course of the top of the Crusades, to the famed contest for Constantinople in 1453 that signaled the tip of Byzantium. up to the armies have been prompted by means of trust, their exploits have been encouraged via leaders similar to Charles Martel, Saladin, and Mehmet II, whose stirring feats have been occasionally observed through unforeseen adjustments of heart.

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Download E-books Ecstasies: Deciphering the Witches' Sabbath PDF

By Carlo Ginzburg

For hundreds of years witches on trial admitted to playing grotesque "sabbaths" the place they forged spells, worshipped a bestial satan, enacted obscenely blasphemous rites or even gobbled corpses. Many students think that such confessions, frequently enacted below torture have been only a mirrored image in their persecutors' fantasies. definitely as Carlo Ginzburg indicates, witch hunters tailored the stereotypes prior used to descredit and persecute lepers and Jews.

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Download E-books L'Empire khazar : VIIe-XIe siècle, l'énigme d'un peuple cavalier PDF

By Jacques Sapir, Jacques Piatigorsky

Cet ouvrage tente de lever le voile sur une énigme historique de los angeles taille d’un empire disparu, celui des Khazars, qui aurait duré du VIIe au XIe siècle de notre ère, avant les Croisades. Cet empire s’étendait entre los angeles Caspienne et l. a. mer Noire, entre l. a. Volga et los angeles chaîne du Caucase, au croisement des grandes routes commerciales. Les Khazars, peuple cavalier, ont vu coexister dans leur empire les trois spiritualités chrétienne, juive et musulmane.
Pourquoi l’empire s’est-il écroulé ? Pourquoi les Khazars ont-ils été si longtemps oublié ? Et pourquoi d’Arthur Koestler à Marek Halter, les Khazars font-ils rêver ?

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